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The Lapidario is a thirteenth century Castilian translation sponsored by King Alfonso X el Sabio, the Learned. The translation was done from an Arabic text which. Lapidario – Ebook written by Alfonso X el Sabio. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading. Astrología y arte en el lapidario de Alfonso X el Sabio by Ana Domínguez Rodríguez, , EDILÁN edition, in Spanish.

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Inside the sections there are illustrations of the constellations and stars that are assigned to each of the 30 degrees.

Now in the strict sense, this is not a proper system because a star with a whole number for longitude can be placed in two adjacent degrees of a sign. A positive identification is facilitated if the description is accompanied by a listing of the star coordinates.

For example, the entry in the Almagest for the star Alpha Arietis is described as follows: As in the 5th degree, the good matches between the descriptions suggest that a slight error in longitude should be accepted. Please check your email account c more details. It is composed of more than twelve different scientific treatises. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. alfohso

Permission Reusing this file. Surrounding the figure of Aries in the center, there is a ring divided into 30 sectors.

The implied sabko of Delta Virginis fits with the Greek and later Arabic versions, not with the early Arabic versions. By turning the figures around, the illustrator created an orientation conflict, i. The fantastic descriptions of Heaven and Hell influenced Dante in writing his Inferno.

Translated by Odile Cisneros.


The two also intersect at the position of the autumnal equinox. This illustration is for the fourth degree of Libra. If a person attempts to understand the descriptions found in the Lapidario or Almagest on the basis of modern coordinates on a star atlas, confusion is sure to develop. Get to Know Us. This is the scientific approach used by Ptolemy, who lists the coordinates along with the descriptions in his catalog. I suspect that the Lapidario is based on a manuscript version that predates the extant versions because it does not seem to align with either of the two major groups.


The Chaldean astronomers of Mesopotamia may have contributed to the knowledge found in the Lapidario but it lzpidario clear that the book has incorporated later knowledge from the Greeks of the Hellenistic sxbio. The Lapidario description for the star is: Many of the scientific works produced by Alfonso X were translated from earlier Arabic works, although often with revisions or updated information. A star that falls between zero and one degree on the ecliptic is then said to fall into the first degree of Aries.

The constellations of Ptolemy are listed below according to their modern names and the equivalent name s used in the Lapidario.

It is also the beginning point of the first degree of Aries. On Earth the constellations are viewed from inside the celestial sphere. The illustration at left depicts the same constellations as the illustration above.

The Lapidario mentions the color of a star only twice: However, the descriptions in the Lapidario and Almagest clearly match if Tau1 Eridani is assigned to the 5th degree of Aries.

It may be a reference to a group of people who lived during late antiquity or the early Middle Ages and who used the Syriac language Nunemaker, Allen also lists some names that appear similar to Faycoz under Cepheus: The first includes lapidarik history of Ancient Rome; the second tells the history of the barbarian and Gothic kings; The third is a history of the Kingdom of Asturias from which the Reconquista the Christian conquest of the Iberian Peninsule from Muslim rule began.

If the right side of the animal is seen from Earth, the left side should be seen on the celestial globe. Thus, over a 26, year period, the first degree of Aries will visit apfonso constellation of the zodiac! Retrieved 19 September It is important to keep in mind that the coordinates of the ecliptic system are not the same as those specified on modern star atlases.


The constellation figures of animals did not cause so many problems for the illustrator because they are viewed from the side. The description for this star in the Lapidario is: Impreso sobre papel pergamino, reproduce fielmente las miniaturas e iniciales policromadas.

Literature of Alfonso X – Wikipedia

Explore the Home Gift Guide. The left line is the correct line if the constellation is rendered as we see it here on Earth.

There are a number of cases where a star falls just outside the degree to which it is assigned when the longitudes listed in the Almagest are used. These stars appear to be randomly positioned because they do not completely match the stars in the other illustrations of the zodiac constellation. But in the case of the serpents, the body is very long without any features to assist in positioning the stars.

Leave a bid now! In fact, it is likely that the illustrator used a celestial globe as a source for developing the drawings. Extant manuscripts of the Almagest can be classified into two groups according to their heritage: With the intention of making such a recovery, I first compared the master illustrations to the individual illustrations and descriptions in sections of the manuscript that are complete. The stars are readily identified in the Almagest for these constellations because they are listed in a sequential fashion.

If the illustrator was intimately familiar with the constellations he would not have made this illustration error.