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Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.

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Niceron showed, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image which, when viewed end on through the base, appears in proper proportion. A later expanded treatise ensured Niceron’s place in history. Modern Language Association http: As a number of scientific societies formed in the early s, Niceron became a member of the Circle of Mersenne, which was named after his mentorFather Marin Mersenne.

It contained the first published reference to Descartes’s derivation of the law of refraction. From to he collaborated with a group of scientists in Rome including Magiotti, Baliani, Kircher, Ricci, and Maignan in conducting experiments suggested by the work of Galileo. When standing in front of the art work in a specific spot, the architecture blends with the decorative painting.

Tuesday, August 21, Curious Perspectives. The Artificial Magic in Optical Distortions. His painting The Ambassadors is the most famous example for anamorphosis, in which a distorted shape lies diagonally across the bottom of the frame.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Views Read Edit View history. Short VCU staff member page. Dynamic Geometry Software by Adrian Oldknow. Hans Holbein the Younger is well known for incorporating this type of anamorphic trick.

Jean François Niceron

In 18th and in 19th century, anamorphic images had come to be used more as children’s games than fine art. Enter your search terms Submit search form.


This work has been translated in part by Ant. It concentrates primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics and dioptrics.

Niceron’s academic connections kept him well informed about the latest advancements in scientific thinking, particularly within the fields of optics and geometry. Here Niceron abandoned any effort at general treatment and concentrated instead on constructing an optical device consisting of a polyhedral lens that gathers elements of one figure and unites them into another, totally different figure.

Niceron was also an artist, with a particular interest in the use of anamorphosis fdancois religious art. Niceron reworked La perspective curieuseaugmented it with new observations, and translated it into Latin under the title Thaumaturgus opticus, sive amiranda optices, etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Book four deals with the distortions created by refraction. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September geometrical optics.

He was a native of Paris but travelled widely mean Europe and was awarded a professorship in Rome. La perspective curieusea richly illustrated manual on perspective, revealed for the first time the secrets of anamorphosis and trompe l’oeil.

Book III discusses the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. Who’s Who of Victorian Cinema. It’s comforting to see that some of my own fumbling experiments in the field of calculated perspective weren’t entirely a waste of time. While nicero Italy in —, Niceron measured the declination of the magnetic compass in Ligurno, Rome, and Florence. Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne in French.

He explained how to draw on a plane surface a distorted figure which, when viewed by means of a cylindrical mirror standing perpendicular to the plane, appears in normal proportion. It was through his association with this society that Niceron became acquainted with leading intellectuals in both Paris and Rome, such as Fermat, Desargues, Descartes, Gassendi, Roberval, Cavalieri, Kircher, Maignan and others.


Intent on finding a scientific solution to the problems presented by perspectiveNiceron worked out the geometric algorithms for producing anamorphic art and inat the age of 25, published a treatise titled La perspective curieuse, ou magie artificielle des effets merveilleux roughly translated as “The curious perspective or artificial magic of marvelous effects”. In the original work, Niceron concentrated primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptricsand on the illusory effects of optics, then traditionally associated with natural magic.

The publication also associates the illusory effects of optics with a contemporary acceptance of natural magic or proto-science.

Geometric Perspective and, no doubt, others I’m forgetting. Although aware of the latest theoretical developments, Niceron concentrated primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptrics, and on the illusory effects of optics then traditionally associated with natural magic.

BibliOdyssey: Curious Perspectives

During the 17th century, Baroque trompe l’oeil murals often used this technique to combine actual architectural elements with an illusion. Inat the age of nineteen, he joined the Order of Minims. He attempted to apply this theoretical knowledge to the anamorphic paintings and murals that he was producing and he published his first book on the subject when he was 25 years old ‘Thaumaturgus Opticus’. These relationships with the academic world helped him stay up to date with intellectual advancements.

Post a Comment Comments are all moderated so don’t waste your time spamming: Although clearly a capable mathematician, Niceron was interested more in practice than in theory.

The Artificial Magic in Optical Distortions Catoptrics is an area of study concerned with the properties of reflection and the formation of images by reflecting light off mirrors. He died in in Aix-en-Provenceaged